Facts About Mahatma Gandhi
Here is a brief summary of some of the major facts associated with Mahatma Gandhi. These facts highlight some of the major achievements of Mohandas Gandhi and provide valuable information on Mahatama Gandhi.
Birth: October 2, 1869
Death: January 30, 1948
Place of Birth: Porbandar, Gujarat
Father: Karamchand Gandhi
1888-1891: Studied law in London
1893: Sailed for South Africa
1906: Began Satyagraha campaign in South Africa to protest the requirement that Indians be fingerprinted and carry identification cards
1915: Returned to India from South Africa
1917: Initiated Champaran Satyagraha to alleviate the condition of indigo planters
1919: Instituted Satyagraha campaign in India to protest the Rowlatt Acts, which deprived all Indians of important civil liberties.
1922: Ended Non-Cooperation movement against British Raj after his followers were involved in a series of riots and disturbances that violated his policy of nonviolence
1930: Led Dandi March to collect salt in protest of the British salt tax.
1931: Signed a pact with Lord Irwin to suspend the Civil Disobedience Movement and went to London to attend Round Table Conference.
1932: Fasted to protest the treatment of people who belonged to no Hindu caste, the Harijans or Untouchables
1942: Launched Quit India Movement against British Raj.
January 30, 1948: Assassinated by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu extremist.
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Mahatma Gandhi Quote
Here are some famous quotes by Mahatma Gandhi. These quotes reveal his thinking and are a guiding light and source of inspiration to others.
I will give you a talisman. Whenever you are in doubt, or when the self becomes too much with you, apply the following test. Recall the face of the poorest and the weakest man [woman] whom you may have seen, and ask yourself, if the step you contemplate is going to be of any use to him [her]. Will he [she] gain anything by it? Will it restore him [her] to a control over his [her] own life and destiny? In other words, will it lead to swaraj [freedom] for the hungry and spiritually starving millions? Then you will find your doubts and your self melt away.
Abstinence is forgiveness only when there is power to punish; it is meaningless when it pretends to proceed from a helpless creature.
Action for one’s own self binds, action for the sake of others delivers from bondage.
What is faith worth if it is not translated into action?
You assist an administration most effectively by obeying its orders and decrees. An evil administration never deserves such allegiance.
Ahimsa is the highest ideal. It is meant for the brave, never for the cowardly.
Ahimsa is the eradication of the desire to injure or to kill.
Ahimsa is an attribute of the brave. Cowardice and ahimsa don’t go together any more that water and fire.
True ahimsa should mean a complete freedom from ill-will and anger and hate and an overflowing love for all.
The removal of untouchability is one of the highest expressions of ahimsa.
The strength to kill is not essential for self-defence; one ought to have the strength to die.
Khadi has been conceived as the foundation and the image of ahimsa. A real khadi-wearer will not utter an untruth. A real khadi-wearer will harbour no violence, no deceit, no impurity.
No power on earth can subjugate you when you are armed with the sword of ahimsa. It ennobles both the victor and the vanquished.
The votary of ahimsa has only one fear, that is, of God.
The hardest heart and the grossest ignorance must disappear before the rising sun of suffering without anger and without malice.
The power of unarmed nonviolence is any day far superior to that of armed force.
I know nothing of the science of astrology and I consider it to be a science, if it is a science, of doubtful value, to be severely left alone by those who have any faith in Providence.
God is conscience. He is even the atheism of the atheist.